Top News Story! Blue Cyclic Violence!
June 4, 2011
ROANOKE, Va. (WCJB) -- A Franklin County sheriff's deputy has been served with a murder warrant charging him in the shooting death of his former wife. Media outlets report Roanoke police served 32-year-old Jonathan Agee on Friday at his bed at Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital. He was hospitalized Monday after being shot in an Interstate 81 standoff with state troopers following the death of 30-year-old Jennifer Agee. Jennifer Agee was shot at a Roanoke convenience store.
A search warrant issued earlier this week says Jonathan Agee found out his ex-wife told his new wife the former couple still had an ongoing relationship.
May 31, 2011
A county sheriff's deputy killed his ex-wife in a convenience store parking lot Monday, then shot a Virginia state trooper before being seriously wounded himself, police said. Roanoke Police Chief Chris Perkins told reporters Monday that a murder warrant has been received for Jonathan Agee, who is now at Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital after suffering multiple gunshot wounds following a shootout with a pair of Virginia state police officers. The bloodshed began at 11:30 a.m., when Jennifer Agee, 30, pulled into a Sheetz convenience store parking lot in Roanoke, Virginia, Perkins said. Trailing behind her in a marked Franklin County sheriff's office car was her ex-husband, Jonathan Agee. The 32-year-old sheriff's deputy from Boones Mill was off-duty at the time. Perkins said that Agee and his ex-wife both got out of their cars. Jonathan Agee then shot Jennifer Agee, while another person believed to be a child sat in her vehicle, according to the police chief. Jennifer Agee, who lived in Salem, was then taken to Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital where she died, Perkins said.
Almost immediately afterward, police issued an alert asking authorities to look out for Agee's sheriff's office vehicle. Virginia State Police Superintendent Steven Flaherty said that Sgt. Matt Brannock spotted the marked car on Route 460 and followed it. At about 11:48 a.m., the two vehicles stopped at the Ironto exit ramp off I-81 ramp in Montgomery County. There, Jonathan Agee opened fire and shot Brannock "at least once," Flaherty said. Two other state police officers soon arrived at the scene, exchanging fire with Agee. They subdued the suspect after shooting him "several times," Flaherty said.
Both Brannock, a 35-year-old U.S. Air Force veteran who joined the state police force 13 years ago, and Agee were flown by helicopter to Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital. Police said the suspect's injuries are considered life-threatening, but those suffered by the state trooper are not.
This incident tied up Memorial Day traffic in parts of western Virginia, after authorities closed several lanes on I-81 northbound to give them more space to conduct their investigation. Those lanes reopened shortly before 7 p.m., said Virginia State Police spokewoman Corinne Geller. But in the subsequent hours, traffic still moved slowly through Montgomery County due to the earlier back-up and influx of holiday travelers.
Cop Rap Sheets!
Posted: 06/03/2011 03:15:56 PM PDT
Updated: 06/03/2011 04:51:24 PM PDT
The California Supreme Court will decide whether Contra Costa County prosecutors should be required to run criminal background checks on police officers so defense attorneys can prepare to challenge their credibility before they are called as witnesses in court. The public defender's office says they have an "indisputable duty," while prosecutors have argued that such a requirement would be unduly burdensome. The chance that officers have a crime of moral turpitude in their backgrounds is small, and the chance that they have a past felony conviction is nonexistent, the district attorney's office has said in court filings. Defense attorneys do not have the capability or authority to run background checks.
"The prosecutor's argument amounts to: 'Trust us.' But the prosecutor's actions do not inspire trust. It's a very inconvenient time for the DA to make this argument, when the front page regularly has stories about crooked cops in Contra Costa and elsewhere in the Bay Area," said deputy public defender Evan Hoppin, who made appeals to the higher court on behalf of clients facing resisting-arrest charges in two separate cases. Both defendants were arrested by Antioch police; one is also charged with felony domestic violence.
"Jurors are entitled to know if a witness has a criminal record -- regardless of whether the witness is a civilian or a police officer. It's simple and fair. But the district attorney has been fighting us every step of the way," Hoppin said.
Since May 27, the Supreme Court twice ordered the state Attorney General's Office to provide a written response on the merits of Hoppin's argument: it's law under the U.S. Constitution, which trumps any state laws designed to protect officers' privacy. Senior deputy district attorney Harold Jewett declined to comment on the Supreme Court order, and said it is an attorney general's case right now. The Attorney General's Office did not provide comment.
The head of the Contra Costa Deputy Sheriffs Association is against any policy change.
"On its face, I'm not at all concerned about criminal history backgrounds checks. I'm not worried that our members have anything to hide, but I think the motivations behind it are silly and petty," said sheriffs union President Jim Bickert. "It's grasping at straws trying to find any way they can to get their criminal client off.
"If there are articulable facts that would cause some level of doubt or suspicion as to the officer's credibility, then by all means, let's bring that out, let's put it on the table," Bickert said. "But to adopt a blanket policy that we are going to run backgrounds on everyone is like panning for gold, just hoping that something turns up as opposed to acting on any credible information."
Some Bay Area counties, including San Francisco and Marin, already run the rap sheets (record of arrest and prosecution) for witness law enforcement officers as a matter of protocol. Santa Clara County has a database of impeachment material available, Hoppin said. San Francisco police Chief George Gascon told media members last year that dozens of officers on his force had either a criminal history or misconduct record that had not been disclosed at trials, which prompted the city's policy on screening police witnesses.
Last summer, Hoppin said he had another resisting-arrest case in which a Contra Costa County judge ordered the prosecutors to run the rap sheet for two Antioch police officer witnesses. The following day, the prosecutor announced that his office refused. The judge instructed the prosecutor to instead ask the officers if they had any prior arrests or convictions.
One officer said that he had a "wet and reckless," or a low-level DUI, conviction from 1995. The public defender's office did its own investigation that showed the officer actually had a regular misdemeanor DUI from 1999 in which he measured a .17 blood alcohol content -- more than twice the legal limit, Hoppin said.
"Determining whether someone is honest by asking them if they're honest just doesn't make sense," Hoppin said.
Hoppin raised the issue again in March when another Contra Costa judge ordered criminal background checks for officers in the two cases now under consideration by the state Supreme Court, then reversed the decision upon hearing protests from prosecutors.
"It takes a minute to run a rap sheet on anyone; it's so easy," Hoppin said. "The only reasonable interpretation is the DA doesn't want cops' criminal records to come to light."
Judge Mary Alice Palacios!
October 22, 2010
An Hidalgo County Judge finds herself on the other side of the bench after being indicted. Judge Mary Alice Palacios of Precinct 4, Place 2 is accused of sending kids to jail for months at a time, because they couldn't pay their truancy fine. Shielded by family and friends, Judge Palacios made her way from the Hidalgo County Jail at 12:32pm Friday just 15 minutes after being booked into the jail.
Palacios is being charged with official oppression and was given a $2,500 PR bond, after an Hidalgo grand jury handed down an indictment against her Wednesday. Before being whisked away in an awaiting vehicle, she rolled down the window and thanked those who supported her through the years. "Thank you to everyone for all of their support" said the Judge. She also stated "the truth will come out and you'll hear it."
Olga Rodriguez, Palacios' sister, told the News media that what's happening isn't fair. She added that all of the family will stand behind her, because she's done nothing wrong. "She's taking it hard, but we're going to get through this. We'll be there and so will you" said Rodriguez. Palacios has been under fire for her truancy practices in the past, but this is the first time she's actually been charged. Judge Palacios is also facing a federal lawsuit filed against her by the ACLU for several kids she allegedly put in jail for unpaid truancy fines.
Judge Mary Alice Palacios’ Statement:
First, I thank my supporters for their thoughts and prayers. I ask the community to not pass judgment on me because there’s more to this than meets the eye. I want to assure everyone that my conscious is clean. I have done nothing wrong, let alone illegal. I take my job very seriously and respect your office, and the position to which you voted for me into 10 years ago. That old adage that “any DA can indict a ham sandwich”, couldn’t be more appropriate to a case than the one I’ve been put in. The honest truth is that this case is personal between Rene Guerra [Hidalgo County Judge] and myself. Rene Guerra is a tyrant, and this is what happens when you refuse to bow down to a tyrant. Sometime back, he personally called me and demanded that I not do something pertaining to a friend of his. I refused and he threatened me. I was expecting his wrath and am now facing this indictment. His office is both defending me in a civil lawsuit and now prosecuting me. Both stemming from the same matters. Let there be no doubt, this is as personal as it gets. I repeat, I have done nothing illegal. I have done nothing to bring disrespect to your office or the position you have entrusted me with. I look forward to defending myself in our open and public court system, where the truth will come out. I will vindicate and clear mine and my family’s good name.
December 2, 2009
The six suspects in the [alleged] brutal gang rape of a 15-year-old Richmond, Calif., high school girl all pleaded not guilty Tuesday, Decemer 1, 2009. The juveniles -- 15-year-old Cody Ray Smith, 16-year-old Ari Morales and 17-year-old Marcelles Peter -- are being charged as adults. The other defendants are Jose Montano (pictured, above left) Manuel Ortega (pictured above right) and Elvis Torrentes. If convicted, all could be sentenced to life in prison. The defendants face a litany of charges, including rape in concert, and sexual battery stemming from the Oct. 24, 2009 incident, which was witnessed by 20 or more people who did not call police or attempt to intervene.
Posted: 3:58 p.m. EDT, September 23, 2011
Updated: 09/25/2011 02:01:56 PM PDT
Former Luzerne County president judge Michael Conahan (pictured above, right) is in federal custody, serving the first night of a 17-and a half year prison sentence for his part in the judicial corruption in the Luzerne County juvenile court system. Conahan joins his former colleague and now convicted partner in crime Judge Mark Ciavarella (pictured above, left) in federal custody. Both are serving long sentences. And for conahan's defense lawyer. A sentence that seems too stiff. 17 and a half years in federal prison and almost $900,000 dollars in restitution and fines.
Conahan, 59, is now in federal custody, whereabouts unknown, but destined to be an inmate until he's well into his 70s. "It was serious because of the scope of the offenses and the relevant conduct and we are satisfied with that sentence," said U.S. Attorney Peter Smith. Conahan's lawyer called the sentence too stiff. "I expected a sentence of less than 17 and a half years," said his attorney.
He pointed to former co-defendant Judge Mark Ciavarella's 28-year prison term in the so-called kids for cash scandal in which the judges got kickbacks in return for keeping juveniles locked up in a private center. He said Ciavarella stayed defiant, maintaining his innocence even after his conviction. In court Conahan came clean, telling federal Judge Edwin Judge Kosik, "What I did damaged a great many people." While Conahan never admitted to taking money in exchange for sentencing kids to the private juvenile center, he offered an apology. "The judicial system was not bad and corrupt, I was corrupt. I lost my way." Minutes later, federal Judge Kosik handed down the stiff sentence.
"Mike was obviously, he was upset but he understood. He was upset that he was leaving his family for a long period of time," his attorney added. "You see someone who is here today who's contrite, who's remorseful, who reached out and basically said, 'I'm corrupt.' Didn't basically say it, he said he was corrupt."
"Knowing Judge Kosik, he typically will give a person credit for accepting responsibility and pleading guilty and if you look at his history, this a sentence that is consistent with the kinds of sentences that he gives," said U.S. Attorney Bill Hauser. Former co-defendant ex-judge mark Ciavarella went to trial, was convicted on 12 criminal counts, and maintained at sentencing he did nothing wrong, and got 28 years. Conahan pleaded guilty to just one count and got 17 and a half years.
Former prosecutor Joe Peters was asked if that was more or less than he expected. "Maybe a little more, because I thought perhaps his cooperation, or what people had assumed he was cooperating would come into play more," Peter said. "This sad chapter of the history of public corruption, the chapter involving Conahan and Ciavarella has been closed as far as the federal system is concerned," said Smith. According to his lawyers, Conahan is likely to wind up at a Florida prison to be close to family members who have relocated from this region.
Update: August 24, 2009
Former Luzerne County Judges Mark Ciavarella (pictured left) and Michael Conahan (pictured below right) have withdrawn their guilty pleas in the kids-for-cash scandal. Ciavarella, 59, and Conahan, 57, pleaded guilty in February 2009 to accepting $2.6 million in kickbacks to facilitate the development of privately owned juvenile detention centers.The withdrawls came 3 ½ hours after a federal judge denied their request that he reconsider his rejection of their plea agreements in the case, which would have sent the former judges to jail for 87 months. U.S. District Judge Edwin M. Kosik ruled the sentences were too lenient and the former judges had not accepted full responsibility. The 10-page document constituted the first public response from the judges’ attorneys since Kosik rejected the plea agreements and excoriated Ciavarella and Conahan in a July 31 memorandum as “self-serving” obstructionists who repeatedly failed to acknowledge the full extent of their involvement in the county corruption scandal.
The withdrawls open the way for a possible trial on charges that the judges accepted $2.6 million in kickbacks in connection with county contracts with two for-profit juvenile detention centers. The builder and former owner of the center have entered guilty pleas in the case and are cooperting with federal prosecutors. Ciavarella’s attorney said there are no current negotiations underway with prosecutors on a new plea agreement. “Mark Ciavarella has not been convicted of any crime. He is entitled to the full presumption of innocence,” Flora said. “We hope everybody will respect that Constiutional guarantee and now the next step has to be taken by the government and the case will proceed accordingly.” Conahan’s attorney declined comment. The U.S. Attorney’s Office had no immediate comment.
Corrupt Dishonest Judges
Update: March 14, 2009
On February 11, 2009, Mark A. Ciavarella Jr., and a colleague, Michael T. Conahan, appeared in federal court in Scranton, Pa., to plead guilty to wire fraud and income tax fraud for taking more than $2.6 million in kickbacks to send teenagers to two privately run youth detention centers run by PA Child Care and a sister company, Western PA Child Care.
“In my entire career, I’ve never heard of anything remotely approaching this,” said Senior Judge Arthur E. Grim, who was appointed by the State Supreme Court this week to determine what should be done with the estimated 5,000 juveniles who have been sentenced by Judge Ciavarella since the scheme started in 2003. Many of them were first-time offenders and some remain in detention.
If the court agrees to the plea agreement, both judges will serve 87 months in federal prison and resign from the bench and bar. They are expected to be sentenced in the next several months. Lawyers for both men declined to comment.
WILKES-BARRE, Pa. – For years, the juvenile court system in Wilkes-Barre operated like a conveyor belt: Youngsters were brought before judges without a lawyer, given hearings that lasted only a minute or two, and then sent off to juvenile prison for months for minor offenses.
The explanation, prosecutors say, was corruption on the bench.
In one of the most shocking cases of courtroom graft on record, two Pennsylvania judges have been charged with taking millions of dollars in kickbacks to send teenagers to two privately run youth detention centers.
They’re the only 2 of the 11 Luzerne jurists with for-profit ties, but practice not uncommon, expert says. A review of financial interest statements filed by all 11 Luzerne County Court of Common Pleas judges shows that two – Mark A. Ciavarella and Michael T. Conahan – listed financial interests in for-profit businesses. (ANDREW M. SEDER email@example.com)
"I've never encountered, and I don't think that we will in our lifetimes, a case where literally thousands of kids' lives were just tossed aside in order for a couple of judges to make some money," said Marsha Levick, an attorney with the Philadelphia-based Juvenile Law Center, which is representing hundreds of youths sentenced in Wilkes-Barre.
Prosecutors say Luzerne County Judges Mark Ciavarella and Michael Conahan took $2.6 million in payoffs to put juvenile offenders in lockups run by PA Child Care LLC and a sister company, Western PA Child Care LLC. The judges were charged on Jan. 26 and removed from the bench by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court shortly afterward.
No company officials have been charged, but the investigation is still going on. Ciavarella, 58, and Conahan, 56, [came] under fire for listing an interest in W-Cat Inc. in their 2007 filings, their latest statements. That company, owned by county Prothonotary Jill Moran, was previously co-owned by attorney Robert J. Powell. Powell and Moran are partners in the Powell Law Firm. Powell, until last week, was also a partner in PA Child Care, the company operating the juvenile detention center in Pittston Township.
That facility, which has a long-term contract with Luzerne County, houses many youth sentenced by Ciavarella. The county started sending youth to the center in 2003 after Conahan shut down the county-run juvenile detention center on North River Street in 2002, saying it was unsafe for habitation. The state Department of Public Welfare had reissued a license to the facility.
The high court, meanwhile, is looking into whether hundreds or even thousands of sentences should be overturned and the juveniles' records expunged.
Among the offenders were teenagers who were locked up for months for stealing loose change from cars, writing a prank note and possessing drug paraphernalia. Many had never been in trouble before. Some were imprisoned even after probation officers recommended against it.
Many appeared without lawyers, despite the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark 1967 ruling that children have a constitutional right to counsel.
The judges are scheduled to plead guilty to fraud Thursday in federal court. Their plea agreements call for sentences of more than seven years behind bars.
Ciavarella, 58, who presided over Luzerne County's juvenile court for 12 years, acknowledged last week in a letter to his former colleagues, "I have disgraced my judgeship. My actions have destroyed everything I worked to accomplish and I have only myself to blame." Ciavarella, though, has denied he got kickbacks for sending youths to prison. Conahan, 56, has remained silent about the case.
Many Pennsylvania counties contract with privately run juvenile detention centers, paying them either a fixed overall fee or a certain amount per youth, per day.
In Luzerne County, prosecutors say, Conahan shut down the county-run juvenile prison in 2002 and helped the two companies secure rich contracts worth tens of millions of dollars, at least some of that dependent on how many juveniles were locked up.
One of the contracts — a 20-year agreement with PA Child Care worth an estimated $58 million — was later canceled by the county as exorbitant.
The judges are accused of taking payoffs between 2003 and 2006.
Robert J. Powell co-owned PA Child Care and Western PA Child Care until June. His attorney, Mark Sheppard, said his client was the victim of an extortion scheme.
"Bob Powell never solicited a nickel from these judges and really was a victim of their demands," he said. "These judges made it very plain to Mr. Powell that he was going to be required to pay certain monies."
For years, youth advocacy groups complained that Ciavarella was ridiculously harsh and ran roughshod over youngsters' constitutional rights. Ciavarella sent a quarter of his juvenile defendants to detention centers from 2002 to 2006, compared with a statewide rate of one in 10.
The criminal charges confirmed the advocacy groups' worst suspicions and have called into question all the sentences he pronounced.
Hillary Transue did not have an attorney, nor was she told of her right to one, when she appeared in Ciavarella's courtroom in 2007 for building a MySpace page that lampooned her assistant principal.
Her mother, Laurene Transue, worked for 16 years in the child services department of another county and said she was certain Hillary would get a slap on the wrist. Instead, Ciavarella sentenced her to three months; she got out after a month, with help from a lawyer.
"I felt so disgraced for a while, like, what do people think of me now?" said Hillary, now 17 and a high school senior who plans to become an English teacher.
Laurene Transue said Ciavarella "was playing God. And not only was he doing that, he was getting money for it. He was betraying the trust put in him to do what is best for children."
Kurt Kruger, now 22, had never been in trouble with the law until the day police accused him of acting as a lookout while his friend shoplifted less than $200 worth of DVDs from Wal-Mart. He said he didn't know his friend was going to steal anything.
Kruger pleaded guilty before Ciavarella and spent three days in a company-run juvenile detention center, plus four months at a youth wilderness camp run by a different operator.
"Never in a million years did I think that I would actually get sent away. I was completely destroyed," said Kruger, who later dropped out of school. He said he wants to get his record expunged, earn his high school equivalency diploma and go to college.
"I got a raw deal, and yeah, it's not fair," he said, "but now it's 100 times bigger than me."
The Frame-up & Reward
After 10 years behind bars, Tim Masters (pictured left) was freed from prison in January because advanced DNA evidence failed to connect him to the death of Peggy Hettrick in Fort Collins. Prosecutors alleged that Masters killed Hettrick in 1987 when he was 15. He was convicted 12 years later.
In September , Colorado's Supreme Court censured two former prosecutors for failing to turn over information to Masters' attorneys. The former prosecutors, who both are now judges, acknowledged in an agreement with the Supreme Court's Office of Attorney Regulation that they failed to ensure defense attorneys received several key pieces of information that called into question Masters' guilt.
Lawyers for Tim Masters filed suit in federal court, claiming hundreds of documents and expert opinions that pointed toward his innocence in a murder case were withheld from his lawyers. Fort Collins police and Larimer County prosecutors declined to comment, saying they don't discuss pending litigation.
The lawsuit says the withheld evidence included the existence of another suspect, who lived near the spot where Hettrick's body was found and was later charged with secretly videotaping women who used his bathroom. The suit also says an FBI profiler disagreed with the opinion of the prosecution's star witness, criminal psychologist Reid Meloy, on Masters' violent teenage drawings. According to the suit, Meloy now says that prosecutors "intentionally manipulated" his opinion by only giving him a portion of the evidence available and misrepresenting the physical evidence
Terence A. Gilmore - 8th Judicial District Judge
Terence Gilmore was appointed to the 8th District Court bench on Jan. 8, 2001, by Governor Bill Owens. He received a bachelor of arts degree from George Washington University in 1970 and his juris doctorate degree from the University of Denver in 1972. After two years in private practice with Banta, Banta and Eitel, Gilmore served in the 8th Judicial District Attorney's Office until his appointment to the bench in January of 2001. During that time he served as president of the Larimer County Bar Association and State Board of Governors.
Jolene Carman Blair - 8th Judicial District Judge
Judge Blair's term as a District Court Judge for the Eighth Judicial District began August 1, 2001. Preceding her appointment, Judge Blair was a Chief Deputy District Attorney in the Eighth Judicial District. She holds undergraduate and law degrees from the University of North Dakota. During the period of review for this term, Judge Blair's docket primarily consisted of domestic relations and criminal cases.
A regulatory arm of the Colorado Supreme Court censured both Terence Gilmore and Jolene Blair in September for failing to ensure defense attorneys had all the evidence gathered by police in the 1987 murder of Peggy Hettrick in Fort Collins.
The prosecutors won the conviction of Tim Masters in 1999 and he served nearly 10 years in prison before advanced DNA testing cleared him, the state's first such exoneration. He was released from prison in January 2008.
The prosecutors have never commented publicly because the Hettrick slaying remains unsolved and both are named in a lawsuit Masters filed over his wrongful conviction. Using public records requests, the Coloradoan newspaper obtained documents and tape recordings of Gilmore's and Blair's interviews with the Office of Attorney Regulation.
The former prosecutors, who are both now judges in the 8th Judicial District, told regulators in separate interviews in May that they didn't make any of the evidence secret. But they also claimed defense attorneys never asked for those records and didn't strongly cross-examine witnesses.
"It's very frustrating to look back on a case you tried 10 years ago and discover that there's all of this information that you never had," said Blair, who was assisting lead prosecutor Gilmore. "Would I have done it differently? Absolutely. I wish I knew now what I didn't know then."
Among the evidence cited as not being turned over are hundreds of pages of notes used by a forensic psychologist to form opinions about violent drawings found in Masters' bedroom. Police and prosecutors used this report to buttress their circumstantial case against Masters.
Masters' attorneys have said they could have used that information to cross-examine the expert. "All I can tell you is that my energies were focused elsewhere and I am embarrassed that we missed it," Blair said about their failure to turn them over. "But I can tell you that, you know, we didn't make them a secret, and if the defense had just said `Could we have those 238 pages of extractions,' they would have been provided just as soon as possible.
"That doesn't negate our responsibility to provide them, but we just missed it," she told regulators.
Masters' trial attorneys, Nathan Chambers and Eric Fischer, have said other evidence collected by police, which included hair fibers, fingerprints from Hettrick's purse and footprints from the scene, would have been enough to acquit Masters.
Gilmore said there were several instances where Chambers and Fischer failed to aggressively question witnesses. "(N)o real follow up ... no cross examination ... there was nothing," he said.
Gilmore and Blair signed their censure statements, meaning they agree with the regulators' findings.
The Colorado Attorney General's office is leading the investigation into Hettrick's slaying.
Sexually Offensive Judges
• Perverted Judges! - Part I
• Judge Jack Gifford, Retired, Solicitation
• Judge Ronald C. Kline, Child Pornography
• Chief U.S. District Judge Edward Nottingham, Solicitation
• Corrupt Judges & Prosecutors
• Corrupt Judges, Frame-ups & Graft
• Corrupt Judges! - Part II
• Judges of the Regents of the University of California
Judges of Interest
• James J. Marchiano, Corrupt Judge
• Stuart Hing, Corrupt Judge (Recent Appointment)
• Douglas E. Swager, Corrupt Judge
• Martin Jenkins, Corrupt Judge ("Uncle Tom")
• David Bernard Flinn, Corrupt Judge
• John T. Noonan, Corrupt Judge of the 9th Circuit
• Former Judge Ralph B. Robertson, Racist
• Judge Kenneth R. Kingsbury, Ret., Racist, Corrupt